Demystifying Housing Prices and Short-Term Rentals: A Fact-Based Perspective

In recent years, the rise of short-term rentals, facilitated by platforms like Airbnb, has sparked contentious debates about their impact on housing prices and availability. Amidst the clamor, it’s crucial to ground our understanding in data and research rather than succumb to sensational narratives.

One prevalent misconception is that short-term rentals are the primary culprit behind soaring housing prices and shortages. However, a closer examination reveals a more nuanced reality. Research consistently shows that properties listed on platforms such as Airbnb constitute a fraction, less than 2%, of the overall housing market. This fact alone challenges the notion that short-term rentals are the driving force behind housing crises.

Recent data further sheds light on the relationship between Airbnb listings and housing prices. At the median owner-occupancy rate zip code, research indicates that a 1% increase in Airbnb listings leads to a mere 0.018% increase in rents and a 0.026% increase in house prices. Translating these findings, it equates to an annual increase of $9 in monthly rent and $1,800 in house prices for the median zip code. This data underscores that the impact of short-term rentals on housing prices is minimal, accounting for only a fraction of actual rent and price growth.

Various factors contribute to housing shortages and price inflations, many of which are systemic and longstanding. Urban planning policies, demographic shifts, and economic dynamics all play significant roles in shaping housing markets. While short-term rentals can influence local dynamics in specific areas, they are just one piece of a complex puzzle.

Regulation undoubtedly has a place in ensuring the responsible operation of short-term rentals. It’s essential for safeguarding health and safety standards and facilitating tax collection. However, regulations should be evidence-based and proportionate, rather than knee-jerk reactions to perceived problems. Blanket restrictions risk stifling innovation and harming both property owners and travelers.

Advocating for a balanced understanding is imperative in navigating these complex issues. By approaching discussions with clear, factual data, we can debunk misconceptions and ensure that regulations target the root causes of housing challenges. Instead of demonizing short-term rentals, we must recognize their place within the larger housing ecosystem.

Participation in these conversations is not just about compliance; it’s about actively shaping policies that reflect reality. We must engage with policymakers, community stakeholders, and industry players to develop solutions that address the underlying factors driving housing issues. This collaborative approach fosters a more sustainable and equitable housing landscape for all.

While short-term rentals are a visible aspect of modern housing markets, they are not the sole driver of housing crises. By embracing evidence-based perspectives and fostering constructive dialogue, we can develop regulations that balance the needs of various stakeholders and promote housing stability and affordability. It’s time to move beyond sensationalism and towards pragmatic solutions grounded in reality.


Barb is the president of NASTRA and has spent her professional career in hospitality and real estate. After acquiring her first short-term rental in 2018, Barb moved her focus to legal advocacy after she sued the city of Nashville over a permit issue. Over the last three years, she has mentored more than 2,800 new STR hosts and is the Community Leader for Airbnb in Nashville, as well as an Airbnb “Ask a Superhost” Ambassador. Barb has appeared on numerous radio broadcasts, television shows, and podcasts to talk about her love of hosting. She also manages and co-hosts a number of short term rentals across Tennessee and Arkansas. Barb and her husband Pat own a hotel brokerage, development and consulting company. Look for her upcoming podcast series, “Women of Airbnb.”

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